来源：新航道 浏览：0 发布日期：2022-06-17 14:33
Today people live longer after retiring from work. What problems does this cause for individuals and society? What can be done to address these problems?
It is now a commonplace that we, when stepping into a hospital or a public park, can see a lot more elderly people than we used to do, as people nowadays have longer life expectancies with medical services and living conditions progressing. Personally, this may incur several repercussions on both individuals and society as a whole, and this thorny issue can be resolved promisingly.
Ø step into v. 踏入
Ø life expectancy n.[C] 平均寿命
Ø incur vt. 招致（常做贬义）
Ø repercussion n.[C] （常做复数）〔尤指不好的〕持续影响，反响，后果
Ø thorny adj. 棘手的
Ø promisingly adv. 有希望地
To commence, retirees may suffer from pains both physically and psychologically. Advanced though current health care is, it can only guarantee the longevity of humans, and pensioners who are at their eighties and nineties may still undergo pains brought by various diseases, such as heart diseases, strokes, and damaged joints. Besides, as most of their children are wrapped up in their work, the senior left at home alone are very likely to lack companionship and suffer from empty-nest syndrome. Meanwhile, some elderly people may also feel a sense of frustration that they can do little for their children and society owing to less energy they have, and even feel abandoned by society as the technology is progressing so fast that they fail to adapt to such a fast-paced life. // On the social level, the government ought to allocate more budgets to pensions and other welfare services like hospitals and nursing homes for the sake of ensuring retirees’ wellbeing, which indicates a heavier financial burden on society.
个人问题：1. 生理病痛折磨：如心脏疾病、中风、关节疼痛等；2. 心理问题：感觉自己无用，是累赘，或是空巢老人觉得孤独，感觉被子女和时代所抛下；社会问题：更多养老金和福利设施，意味着更多的经济负担。
Ø retiree n.[C] 退休者
Ø longevity n.[U] 寿命
Ø pensioner n.[C] 退休者
Ø stroke n.[C] 中风
Ø joint n.[C] 关节
Ø be wrapped up in sth. 忙于…（以致于没有精力关注其他事情）
Ø empty-nest syndrome n. 空巢综合征
Ø frustration n. 沮丧
Ø abandon vt. 抛弃
Given the gravity of these problems, two schemes can be put on the agenda. The first imperative approach is that the government can issue corresponding policies, such as raising the age of retirement, or encourage companies to reemploy those experienced senior workers. Taking full advantage of their abundant experience in certain workplace, the elderly can help to train new employees who lack relevant experience, which not only give the old a sense of fulfilment but also alleviate the financial burden of the government to some extent. Additionally, communities can arrange a variety of activities for the senior community members. For instance, easy tasks like putting up notices can be assigned, which will make the old feel that they can still make contributions to the community. Meanwhile, the retirees can also be called on to participate in the activities where they can chat freely with other peers, thus making them feel less lonely.
解决办法：1. 政府：颁布政策，如：提高退休年龄或鼓励返聘退休人员，使有能力的退休者依旧可以凭借自己的经验在工作领域发光发热，同时也能缓解劳动力不足带来的经济问题；2. 社区：举办各种活动，比如：布置一些简单的任务，使老人觉得自己还能给社区做贡献；或者提供平台让老人们聚在一起，不再感到孤独。
Ø imperative adj. 迫切的
To recapitulate, since possible effects and feasible remedies have been enumerated, this crisis can be handled with joint efforts of both the government and communities.
Ø recapitulate v. 总结
Ø remedy n.[C] 消除办法
Ø enumerate vt. 列举
Ø joint effort n.[C] 通力合作